Strangles, also known as distemper in horses is considered to be one of the most common diseases in horses within the uk it is an upper respiratory infection that is highly contagious and is caused by the streptococcus equi bacteria. Strangles is a result of bacterial infection with streptococcus equi subspecies equi (referred to as s equi) the disease has been in the equine population for centuries and was first reported in 1251 (sweeney et al, 2005i. Strangles is highly contagious, and horses can be carriers and shed the infection, although they themselves may show no outward clinical signs this means that without proper biosecurity and isolation, an infection could result in large outbreaks of this disease in horse populations.
Testing incoming horses for strep equi can be an effective tool in limiting the introduction of strangles into a herd or stable strangles is a preventable disease, and with the proper steps, the risk of exposure can be minimized. Equine strangles is a disease most often observed in young horses 1-5 years of age, but can affect all horses the etiological agent streptococcus equi subspecies equi (or s equi ) is not a normal inhabitant of the equine upper respiratory tract. Equine strangles: an update on recommendations for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention including long-term local eradication emily a graves, vmd, ms, dipl acvim. Strangles, characterized by abscessation of the lymph nodes of the head and neck, is the most frequently diagnosed infectious disease of horses worldwide the persistence of the causative agent, streptococcus equi, in a proportion of convalescent horses plays a critical role in the recurrence and spread of disease.
Treatment and prevention strangles is the common name of a highly contagious streptococcus infection found in young horses between the ages of 6 months and 5 years, although it is not restricted to those ages. Strangles is a very common but unpleasant bacterial disease that can affect horses, ponies and even donkeys signs vary between individuals and can range from very mild to dramatic in appearance the disease is caused by bacteria called streptococcus equi subspecies equi (strep equi) and is highly. Strangles vaccination has a spotty history of safety and effectiveness, and even with the introduction of better formulated, more targeted products, horse owners are still faced with a risk-benefit decision. The prevention and management of horse strangles and how your vet can treat strangles the treatment of strangles relies mainly on you the horse owner, but how to treat strangles is down to your vet.
Strangles is an infectious, bacterial disease of horses, which may affect any horse not previously exposed to the disease it is an upper airway infection which causes a cough, swelling and abscessation of the lymph nodes of the head and neck, and a nasal discharge. The disease known as strangles in the horse is caused by the bacteria streptococcus equi var equi (s equi) horses with strangles usually have a high fever, followed by nasal discharge and enlargement and abscessation of the lymph nodes under the jaw and in the throatlatch region. Prevention of strangles several s equi vaccines are commercially available these can reduce the rate of disease in the face of an outbreak, but are only about 50 percent effective under the best conditions.
Strangles is a highly contagious and serious infection of horses and other equids caused by the bacterium, streptococcus equi the disease is characterized by severe inflammation of the mucosa of the head and throat, with extensive swelling and often rupture of the lymph nodes, which produces large. The vaccine reduces the clinical signs of strangles and the occurrence of lymph node abscesses in horses that are at risk of streptococcus equi infection such as competition horses, horses in livery yards, horses at the sales and horses in an outbreak area. We reiterate the importance of judicious use of antibiotics in horses with strangles this updated consensus statement reviews current vaccine technology and the importance of linking vaccination with currently advocated disease control and prevention programs to facilitate the eradication of endemic infections while safely maintaining herd. (nasal discharge, etc) extreme care should be taken not to mix horses with infection and horses exposed to horses with strangles to unexposed horses ideally, three groups of horses should be created: 1) infected horses 2) horses that have been exposed to or contacted infected horses and 3) clean horses with no exposure.
Strangles insidious, infectious, & inconvenient claudia true, dvm strangles -- a disease affecting the horse's lymph nodes -- can not only make your horse ill, but is also highly contagious. Strangles is a highly contagious upper respiratory infection of horses caused by the bacteria streptococcus equi subspecies equi (s equi) it is transmitted by inhalation or direct contact with contaminated surfaces (for example horses sharing water buckets.
Page 1 of 4, last edited 5/19/08 equine strangles aka distemper agent: strangles is caused by streptococcus equi, a gram-positive, capsulated bacterium that is easily transmitted and seen worldwide. Horses that potentially could be exposed to strangles, such as competitive horses, should be vaccinated at least a month in advance of exposure to enable the horse to develop a good level of immunity. Health education: equine treatment of strangles isolate all horses with fever do not treat without your veterinarian hot pack and flunixin meglumine or. This document provides practical information on how to manage and control strangles in horses introduction strangles is a notifiable disease in victoria under the livestock disease control act 1994, which provides for the monitoring and control of livestock diseases in victoria.